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Research Review

Problems with flat feet? This exercise might help

Research Reviewed: Effects of plantar intrinsic foot muscle strengthening exercise on static and dynamic foot kinematics: Randomized controlled single-blind trial in individuals with pes planus. Okamura et al. Gait & Posture. 2019 Pes planus foot alignment (“flat feet”) is when the foot goes flat due to a decrease in the medial longitudinal arch (MLA). The …

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Does Isokinetic strength testing predict hamstring injuries in sports?

Research Reviewed: Isokinetic strength assessment offers limited predictive validity for detecting risk of future hamstring strain in sport: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Green et al, BJSM 2017 Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are all too common amongst sports that require high velocity and force, including sprinting, kicking, and prolonged high-speed runs. A common assessment tool …

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Does stretching improve ankle dorsiflexion mobility?

Research reviewed: Chronic effect of different types of stretching on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion: Systematic review and meta-analysis. The Foot, 34, 28–35. Medeiros et al Optimal ankle dorsiflexion (the ankle bending forward) range of motion is important for every day activity and athletic performance – deficits have been linked to key changes in movements …

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What leads to muscle cramping in endurance athletes?

Research reviewed: Increased running speed & previous cramps rather than dehydration or serum sodium changes predict EAMC: study in 210 Ironman triathletes. Schwellnus et al. BJSM Muscle cramping and endurance athletes seem to go together like a horse and carriage – except in the former case, it’s not a beneficial relationship! The major question becomes …

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This 10 minute warm-up reduced knee & ankle injuries by 36% for basketball players

Research Reviewed: The “SHRed Injuries Basketball” Neuromuscular Training Warm-up Program Reduces Ankle and Knee Injury Rates by 36% in Youth Basketball. Emery et al. JOSPT January 2022 Basketball puts significant stress on the knees and ankle – in multiple directions, movements, and movement planes. This leads to a high prevalence of knee and ankle injuries. …

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Does delaying ankle sprain rehab impact re-injury risk and medical costs?

Research reviewed: Delayed Rehabilitation Is Associated With Recurrence and Higher Medical Care Use After Ankle Sprain Injuries in the United States Military Health System; JOSPT 2021 Ankle sprains are one of the most prevalent injuries in all active populations – from athletes to weekend warriors to military personnel – and therefore contribute to one of …

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