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Rajpal Brar

Problems with flat feet? This exercise might help

Research Reviewed: Effects of plantar intrinsic foot muscle strengthening exercise on static and dynamic foot kinematics: Randomized controlled single-blind trial in individuals with pes planus. Okamura et al. Gait & Posture. 2019 Pes planus foot alignment (“flat feet”) is when the foot goes flat due to a decrease in the medial longitudinal arch (MLA). The …

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Does Isokinetic strength testing predict hamstring injuries in sports?

Research Reviewed: Isokinetic strength assessment offers limited predictive validity for detecting risk of future hamstring strain in sport: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Green et al, BJSM 2017 Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are all too common amongst sports that require high velocity and force, including sprinting, kicking, and prolonged high-speed runs. A common assessment tool …

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Does stretching improve ankle dorsiflexion mobility?

Research reviewed: Chronic effect of different types of stretching on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion: Systematic review and meta-analysis. The Foot, 34, 28–35. Medeiros et al Optimal ankle dorsiflexion (the ankle bending forward) range of motion is important for every day activity and athletic performance – deficits have been linked to key changes in movements …

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What leads to muscle cramping in endurance athletes?

Research reviewed: Increased running speed & previous cramps rather than dehydration or serum sodium changes predict EAMC: study in 210 Ironman triathletes. Schwellnus et al. BJSM Muscle cramping and endurance athletes seem to go together like a horse and carriage – except in the former case, it’s not a beneficial relationship! The major question becomes …

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Expert explains Thomas Partey’s right thigh injury vs Crystal Palace

Arsenal central midfielder injured his right thigh in the 2nd half of Arsenal’s loss at Selhurst Park vs Crystal Palace. Partey immediately recognized the issue, grabbing at the quadriceps area, stopped playing, and walked off gingerly. In the days following, Partey’s thigh was assessed and a scan showed muscle damage, with the team releasing a …

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Do footballers have altered side to side cutting mechanics following ACL reconstruction?

Research reviewed: Altered lower extremity movement variability in female soccer players during side-step cutting after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Pollard et al, AJSM. 2015 The prevalence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries has steadily been increasing in footballers (soccer players), particularly in the female population. In the case of a full rupture, most players who …

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Expert explains LeBron’s left ankle injury vs the Pelicans

Los Angeles Lakers’ superstar LeBron James turned his left ankle vs the New Orleans Pelicans and even though he was able to play on – which almost assuredly rules out a fracture – was clearly limited in the 2nd half – missing his normal burst on both ends of the floor. Following the game, LeBron …

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4×4 squats: An easy & effective way to improve your distance running

Research reviewed: Maximal Strength Training Improves Running Economy in Distance Runners. Storen & Stoa. Medicine and science in sports & exercise 2008 The evidence on the benefits of strength training for long-distance runners – whether it’s for reducing injury risk or boosting performance – is becoming increasingly robust. However, the key question for distance runners …

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Why has Arsenal’s Takehiro Tomiyasu been out so long? Expert explains 3 reasons

Arsenal right back Takehiro Tomiyasu has missed the last eight games with a calf injury. The player initially had an injury to the other calf but then after playing versus Liverpool in a cup match, he aggravated the other calf as he was ramping up to come back from that other calf injury. With the …

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Explaining Trent Alexander-Arnold’s hamstring injury & timeline scenarios

Liverpool RB Trent Alexander-Arnold has a hamstring injury with the England international expected to be out “weeks” according to manager Jurgen Klopp. Timeline scenarios Trent’s timeline will come down to the severity & location of the tear. Grade 1 tears average 1-2 weeks, grade 2 tears 3-4 weeks, and grade 3 tears 6+ weeks depending …

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